Updated on


Generation years chart outlines the seven recent demographic cohorts starting in the 20th Century up to the 21st Century. These generations years brings together people who share similar characteristics in parenting, culture, social/economic well-being, general interests, and technology. Technology only became a point of reference starting with the Millennial generation. It is now the core point of reference for Generation Z and Alpha cohorts.

The timeline starts with the Greatest generation at the start of the 20th Century and tops with the Alpha generation, whose birth years all happen at the beginning of the 21st century. The birth years of the generations vary and span anything between 15 to 20 block years.

The United States, Europe and the rest of the developed world have documented generation statistics for many decades. Developing countries only become part of the wave as a result of technology and globalization.


Generation Years Chart Timeline


GenerationFirst
birth
Last
birth
Oldest
in 2018
Youngest
in 2018
Greatest
Generation
1901 1924 11794
Silent
Generation
192519459373
Baby
Boomer
194619647254
Generation
X
196519805338
Millennial 198119953723
Generation
Z
1996 2009229
Generation
Alpha
201020258

Below is a detailed description of the generation years chart:

The Greatest Generation : (1901- 1924)

The Greatest Generation years was the first to be documented at the start of the 20th Century. It brought together a demographic cohort born between 1901 and 1924.

Tom Brokaw coined the name for this group, a title that became popular after he published a book he called The Greatest Generation. Those born during this period went through World War I (1914) and World War II (1940), and the Great Depression of 1927-1939.

They were considered great because they showed remarkable determination and perseverance during the war years and the Great Depression. They had a passion and willingness to fight for their country because they believed it was the right thing to do.

Ronald Reagan was born during the Greatest Generation years
Ronald Reagan was born during the Greatest Generation years

Ronald Reagan (1911) and John F Kennedy (1917) are two famous personalities born during the Greatest generation yeats.


The Silent Generation : (1925 – 1945)

The products of the Silent generation years said very little and preferred to work. This was attributed to firm parenting, which was a popular parenting style around this time. They were nurtured to be seen rather than heard. It is no wonder they were loyal to their masters.

This cohort was born between 1925 and 1945.

The name Silent Generation was coined by Time Magazine, in a 1951 article titled The Younger Generation. The article slammed this group for lacking ambition and drive. It was branded unimaginative, cautious and withdrawn. The Great Depression which lasted from 1929 to 1939 and the Dust Bowl, which devastated farmlands in the 30s perhaps contributed to their conditions.

Marilyn Monroe was of the Silent Generation
Marilyn Monroe was of the Silent Generation years

Warren Buffet (1930), Malcolm X (1925), Marilyn Monroe (1926), Harry Belafonte(1927), and Mohammed Ali (1941), are some of the famous personalities born during this generation years.


The Baby Boomer Generation : (1946 – 1964)

The Baby Boomer generation years fall between 1946 and 1964, in a period full of hope in the US in particular. The post-war years allowed people to do what they had not during the war. A sense of peace and prosperity reigned which led to young marriages and increased birthrate.

This lasted for around 20 years. The bumper birth rate created a new era of consumerism as a result of the large population. This helped drive the US economy and gave birth to a new wave of rich individuals.

Apart from bumper births, other notable events such as the Vietnam War and the enaction of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 happened during these years.

Barack Obama is a Baby Boomer
Barack Obama was born in the Baby Boomer years

In the US alone, African-Americans make up 10 percent and Hispanics 8 percent of this demographic group. In total, Baby Boomers will make up 20 percent of the American population by 2030.

Popular personalities in this generation years are George Bush (1946), Steve Jobs (1955), Tony Blair (1953), Princess Diana (1961), Jeff Bezos (1964), Nicholas Cage (1964), Johnny Depp (63), Bill Clinton (1946), Barack Obama (1961), Donald Trump (1946), Bill Gates (1955) and George Clooney (1961).


Generation X : (1965 – 1980)

Also called Baby Buster generation, the X Generation reversed the baby boom trend which was the hallmark of the previous Baby Boomer generation. The Xers registered reduced birthrate.

Baby busters were born between 1965 and 1980.

The generation also groomed a big number of single-parent families and continue to record higher divorce numbers than the previous generations, even to the 21st Century. They are independent-minded, informal, casual and entrepreneurial.

Following the innovation and distribution of the first lots of microcomputers in the 80s and 90s, Generation X became one of the first to interact with technology. Computers were, however, enormous, and only installed in government and research installations.

The photographer Robert Capa popularised the term Generation X which loosely meant ‘unknown’. The X generation desired, and even today, prefer not to be defined in any manner.

Celine Dion is from the X generation years
Celine Dion is from the Generation X years

Baby busters love TV and for this, grew up watching Friends and a host of other popular soaps on Television.

Famous personalities from this generation years: Jay Z (1969), Tiger Woods (1975), Halle Berry (1966), Julia Roberts (1967), Celine Dione (1968), and Will Smith (1968).


Generation Y : (1981 – 1995)

Also called Millennials, Generation Y cohort was raised up at a time when technology and related innovations were becoming the hallmarks of productivity. The use of the internet was becoming popular and globalization through technology-based communication was taking real shape.

Millennials were born between 1981 to 1995.

There was a mass use of communication and other media tools as this generation grew up. Millennials use technology to extend their reach and to venture into global markets. They have used these to drive and shape economies around the world.

Taylor Swift is a Millennial
Taylor Swift is from the Generation Y Years

Popular figures from this era: Mark Zuckerberg (1984), Taylor Swift (1989), Christina Aguilera (1980), Nicki Minaj (1982), Rihanna (1988) and Beyoncé(1981).


Generation Z : (1996 – 2009)

The Generation Z years stretch between 1996 and 2009. The Z or iGen, just like the previous generation Y, has immersed itself in the world of internet and technology.  The iGeners were born right inside it and know nothing out of the tech box.

They also approach life passively in comparison to Millennials. For example, they learn to drive late and become sexually active much later in life. They also indulge in alcohol beverages a little later than the previous generations.

This trait has led experts to liken them to the Silent generation cohort from the 1920s to 1940s.

The huge amount of information at their disposal has also affected their sense of concentration. Hence, they are always multi-tasking and have developed short attention spans. They have little or no time for serious stuff at work and school.

Zendaya Coleman is from Generation Z
Zendaya Coleman is from Generation Z years

Popular iGeners: Baby Ariel (2000), Zendaya (1996), and Baby Kaely (2004).


Generation Alpha : (2010 – 2025)

Generation Alpha is the latest in the generation years chart and one that best suits the digital native description. It brings together people born between 2010 and 2025. It replaced Generation Z, whose youngest kids were born in the first 9 years of the 21st Century.

As of 2019, the eldest Alpha child is 9.

Alphas will probably be the most transformative generation ever. This is perhaps because they are born inside a world saturated with tech gadgets and are experiencing first-hand the most transformative trends in technology. It is estimated that over 2.5 million Alpha kids are delivered weekly in health facilities around the world, and their numbers will reach a whopping 2 billion as of 2025.

The first alpha kids were born in 2010, the same year the first iPad was released. The iPad kickstarted a tablet war between manufacturers, which has catapulted tablets into the life of Alphas. They are popular tools for collaborative learning, especially in the developed world.

Generation Alpha is the latest in the generations years chart
Generation Alpha is the latest in the generations years chart

Alpha kids are so much immersed into touchscreen devices that they hardly understand the corded and touchless phones. Their interaction with technology is however changing.

The sheer speed of advancement in artificial intelligence means that typing on a small screen is becoming old-school for them The Alpha adults will probably never use apps and cell phones the way they are used today.

Follow this link to read more about the Generation Alpha cohort.