Why Digital Learning Tools are Needed in the 21st Century Classroom

The installation of digital learning tools in the classroom is geared towards enhancing the learning atmosphere and relevance in the 21st-century.

All schools wishing to remain relevant in the 21st century are obliged to embrace relevant digital learning tools inside and outside the modern-day classroom.

These tools, in addition to relevant learning practices, are critical in facilitating the acquisition of knowledge and skills that are applicable in the 21st-century workplace and lifestyle.

Yes, digital tools aside, the modern-day teacher must be adaptive, creative, a life-long learner, and always evolving with technology and other sciences.

Whereas classroom instruction based on innovative digital tools is showing glimpses of hope in many classrooms around the world, it is receiving lukewarm adoption in others, because of procrastination and lack of resources.

The pessimists are still looking for reasons to hold it off for a few more decades, while money is a real problem for poor schools in developing countries!

Hopefully, the procrastinators received the jolt they needed curtsey of the Covid-19 pandemic, and elsewhere, especially in developing countries, schools are now challenged to try harder to acquire relevant digital learning tools.

The disruption of the education world over in the year 2020 probably illustrated how the adoption of digital learning tools is the way to go in the 21st century.

Also on a positive note, millennial parents today are quickly figuring out ways to digitalize education at home, as a result of the lessons learned during the Covid-19 experiences.

Millennials are known to encourage their children to adopt technology faster than the older generations and are hoping that the new educators are working around the clock to master teaching methodologies that are relevant in the 21st century.

Exactly what is digital learning?

Digital learning describes all instructional practices, solutions, and tools that are geared towards enhancing the learning process in the 21st-century classroom.

By and large digital learning involves extensive use of technology devices in the classroom, in addition to promoting collaborative practices online.

Several arguments are associated with e-learning. Accessibility, affordability, flexibility, learning pedagogy, life-long learning, and policy are some of the arguments related to online pedagogy. It is said that online mode of learning is easily accessible and can even reach to rural and remote areas. 

Journal of Educational Technology Systems

The aim is to upgrade the learning environment to mimic modern-day technological realities.  

Common tools for digital learning include:

  • Rich media & electronic book forms
  • Mobile computers
  • Interactive and smart learning tools
  • Distance learning resources such as Google Classroom, Microsoft Teams, and Zoom
  • Online & offline assessment
  • Youtube channels
  • Online digital communities
  • File sharing sites
  • Online apps
  • Virtual reality devices
  • Augmented reality devices
  • Gaming
  • Blended learning
  • Chatbots

The reasons why digital learning solutions are critical today

(Photo by Christina Morillo from Pexels)

1. The ready alpha market

Alpha children, who form the bulk of children today do not have to go to school to learn the basics of computing. They acquire these skills because of constant exposure at home.

They practically start using technology devices very early on and find it easy to weave their way around the ubiquitous Internet of Things (IoT) in the house. In a UNESDOC file regarding the Pursuit of Smart Learning Environments for the 21st Century,

Learners today utilize mobile gadgets and applications as their primary sources of information, knowledge, and social discourse. However, despite these advances in educational technologies and the way learners have adapted to their changing environments, many classrooms today still employ teaching methods of the past: lecture formats, unauthentic assessments, and rote learning.

It is therefore absurd when they enter a school environment that is yet to embrace the digital ecosystem. It is no wonder they easily become bored, confused, and go through learning with little or no interest.

2. The stimulated Alpha mindset

By the time Alpha children start formal education their brains are stimulated enough and wired towards the acquisition of skills and knowledge via technology.

After playing computer games and solving multiple interactive tasks at home, they are fine-tuned to explore new opportunities in the classroom.

The eager mind in them yearns for challenging assignments beyond what traditional education offers. It is boring when they have to sit back and let the teacher talk endlessly, or have to scribble notes routinely.

To tap into these brains, parents, and teachers have to re-evaluate how the young brains are educated by equipping themselves with relevant knowledge befitting the 21st Century.

3. Staying ahead of the learning curve

Just like newspaper articles become outdated the minute they hit the streets, so are textbooks used in traditional learning models.

The internet is awash with old and new data that can be sourced with relative ease. These are available as digital textbooks, audio references, and podcasts, and can be sourced by downloading and online collaboration.

This then begs the question: Are textbooks dead? 

Of course not, but still, the Internet is fast becoming the preferred source of information for learners, educators, and the general public. On the other hand, textbooks are becoming expensive by the day.

Nostalgia aside, it may come as a relief to many, then, that textbooks are becoming anachronistic. Digital in-class learning materials, like software that adapts to the ways in which individual students acquire information, and other forms of virtual education content are becoming more effective and intelligent. 

The Death of Textbooks?

4. Online and offline collaborations

Learners and educators from one part of the globe can now engage with peers from other geographical locations and share valuable content online.

Time, path, space, and place do not limit this collaboration, as it encourages engagement beyond the classroom. In this learning environment, content and ideas are embraced from near and far.

The educators are thus challenged to keep up to speed with the explosive amount of resources available globally, and the curious mind of digital learners.

5. Preparing for future job markets

The speed at which digital trends evolve today means that digital learning tools and solutions should be used to prepare learners for new possibilities in the future market.

Parents and educators have to keep an open mind about what may or may not happen in the job industry, by getting their children prepped with multiple digital-oriented skills.

Or else they ran the risk of producing redundant Alpha adults.

While many vocations will remain relevant in years to come, it is not entirely clear what kind of digital jobs will be available for digital natives in the next 20 years.

Just to illustrate, it was hard to predict, 20 years ago, that career descriptions listed below would even appear in job listings:

  • Mobile phone app developer
  • Technical evangelist
  • Social media influencer
  • Digital prophet
  • Data detective

It is interesting to imagine how advancement in Automation and Artificial Intelligence (AI) will shape the job market in the next few decades.

In any case, the second wave of digital transformation is a harbinger of things to come. It is all built around excellence in service delivery, simplicity, and of course intelligence automation.

In contrast to traditional automation which relies on prescriptive instructions and structured data inputs, Intelligent Automation assists with each step of the automation cycle, and then continues to improve over time.

The IA cycle begins with process discovery, where AI-powered tools automatically observe the work activities people are doing, identify optimal workflows, and propose an automation path.

At the automation stage, intelligent automation applies AI to access unstructured information, including human chat conversation, audio, and video, which is crucial to making end-to-end automation possible—In today’s enterprise, unstructured information represents 80% of all business data.

Intelligent automation

6. Embracing higher-order-thinking skills (HOTS)

Higher-order thinking skills (HOTS) empowers learners to acquire knowledge for transfer purposes, unlike traditional rote learning which emphasizes learner ability to recall textbook notes.

Learners then replicate their learning successes in assessment tests.

According to Anderson and Krathwohl (2001) teaching based on knowledge transfer, empowers learners to internalize what they have learned and use it in real life.

This is a concept-centered approach aimed at fostering skill development, metacognition, critical thinking, and problem-solving strategies.

As far as technology goes, we do not use computing devices to only read and reproduce information. It is about understanding them and using them as target tools to better our lives in the 21st century.

The proliferation of internet data and computing devices also means that information is available for free both for educators and learners. This is accessible through mobile phones and desk-based computers, anytime and anywhere.

Gone are the days when teachers owned information and passed this to learners at regulated time frames. Today, smart learners can source even better information online.

Needless to say, educators need to embrace practices that are more than just acquiring information and passing it on to learners.

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